New Wonder of the Modern World
The Incan City of Machu Picchu is the most important tourist attraction in the Department of Cusco and Peru. Scientifically discovered for the world, in 1911, by the American History Professor and expplorer, Hiram Bingham, this city is considered as one of the world´s most extraordinary samples of landscape-integrated architecture, as well as of building and hydraulic engineering, for which it was elected among the Seven New Wonders of the Modern World.
Machu Picchu (Old Mountain, in Quechua) is situated on a mountain the structure of which is granite. Using ingenious techniques, the Incas managed to transport there, heavy stone blocks, as well as to cut and polish them with astonishing precision.
It is rainy during all summer months (November to March), and sunny between May and September, although, even then, sudden rainfalls are common. Maximum temperatures reach 27º C, while minimum temps rarely drop below 11º C.
The small village of Aguas Calientes, recently rebaptized with the name of Machupicchu Pueblo, is situated at the term of a 4 hour train trip from the city of Cusco (Cusco – Ollantaytambo: 2 hours by bus and Ollantaytambo – Machupicchu Pueblo: 2 hours by train), or of a 2 hour train trip from the locality of Ollantaytambo, in the Sacred Valley of the Incas.